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Department Introduction

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Teaching equipment / Boeing 737 NG Fixed Training Device


Boeing 737 NG Fixed Training Device 
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The department of airline and transport service management, NKUHT obtained a subsidy from the 2008 plan to reward teaching excellence in the second semester of the 2008 academic year and was the first among universities and colleges of the country to build q 737NG fixed training device (FTD) specially used for courses relevant to flight affairs. Furthermore, it obtained a subsidy from the 2009-2010 plan to reward teaching excellence at science and technology universities and technical colleges from the department of extension education in the first semester of 2009 and built multifunctional flight affairs and a ground training classroom. The combination of both will be able to increase the students’ physical practice and experience with more professional and broader airline management techniques.  
Since its foundation in 1997, the department has had cooperative experience with airlines in practice and employment for more than 10 years. According to the opinions of the students from their practice, it was found that past interns of universities and colleges employed by airlines or contracted ground personnel always engaged in primary ground reception service at the counter and in the VIP room. However, as for operation coordination at the back end of the boarding gate, due to the middle-senior ground shipments, service work on departure operations and its nature as an extension of counter service, basic knowledge on the control cabin’s environment, airworthiness and flight affairs is required. Recently, the department has changed its practice from half a year to one full year because much rich time of off-campus practice in the airline circle helps the department to design relevant courses (e.g., airline dispatch, airline flight affair management, advanced airline transport service) in order to lead students to pass primary ground reception services at the counter and in the VIP room during practice and train them to do more professional middle-senior work at the boarding gate, for which the department is planning to build a flight simulated training platform.
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As for simulators, the department has adopted a Boeing 737NG type aircraft. Boeing 737 is a middle-short-haul airplane produced by American Boeing Company. It is the series type with the longest service life and is the most common delivery plane in civil service at the moment. Among them, the 737 NG is the mainstream plane type for the new generation of 737s now, including 737-600、737-700/737-700ER、737-800 (air force one special president administrative plane and active plane type of China Airlines), 737-900/737-900ER and BBJ (Boeing Business Jet, private plane type for the president Zhang Rongfa of Eva Airways). The 737NG is provided with a fully digital glass cockpit which can decreases training needed for flight and increase the operational flexibility of pilots. Furthermore, the 737NG has newly designed wings and empennage, the motor has also been improved and there has been an increase in wing area and oil volume, all of which promote the voyage and performance. It is the best series model of 737 around the world.
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The 737NG FTD of the university is a set of modules simulating the flight environment of the new generation 737 control cabin, which is jointly developed by domestic and foreign manufacturers. It is not only equipped with the hardware equipment of a control cabin for a high degree simulation, but also equipped with Microsoft Flight Simulator 2004, a program which is highly similar to the actual environment and world famous PMDG(Precision Manuals Development Group) 737NG flight software. With the combination of these three excellent flight simulation environments, the department of airline and transport service management, NKUHT is peerless in the field of civil aviation management teaching and research.
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The main hardware structure of the Boeing 737NG FTD roughly consists of the following parts: highly simulated equipment including main panel, flight control computer, accelerator and flap assembly, flight control device, navigation, oil pressure controller, flight seat and one computer mainframe system supporting the whole operation of software and hardware equipment.
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The main panel includes an advanced glass cockpit system, Primary Flight Display/PFD and Navigation Display/ND and their programs, Engine Indicating and Crew Alerting System (EICAS) and its program, the main rise and fall operating arm, Mode Control Panel (MCP) and a PFD-ND multifunctional display selection panel and program. This part is mainly for monitoring displays and understanding the plane’s system status prior to, during and after a flight, as well as one of the main sources that pilots use to judge an aircraft’s situation during a flight.
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Flight Management Computer/FMC or Control Display Unit/CDU is coordinated with a highly simulated software technology of the PMDG 737NG, among which, it can simulate through computer complete flight plans and relevant information needed during flight, such as takeoff performance (e.g. decisive speed V1、VR、V2..), leave/climb route, fuel oil management, descent/approach, re-fly, weight balance, navigation information and so on.

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The flight control computer and accelerator and flap assembly include an electronic gearing rudder footstep, an electronic gearing disc operating arm (including trim switch and auto driving removal bottom), accelerator (including counterthrust hand shank), air brake hand shank, flap hand shank and other relevant components of the main function in order to give the aircraft in the simulated software the same flight action through the operations of these cooperative interfaces.
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The rest of the parts are display devices mainly for navigation and oil pressure controller, which are generally located in the upper and lower parts in the middle of the control cabin, including overhead panels and the lower console at the top of the middle control cabin. Overhead panels include control panels, such as flight control, fuel oil, liquid pressure, cabin pressure, electricity, lights, air conditioner, and APU while the lower console includes navigation display panels whose function is to provide flight contact and navigation during the flight.
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Alongside such excellent hardware equipment is the main software platform to simulate flight situations---- Microsoft Flight Simulator 2004. This flight platform is not only the world famous simulator, but also simulation flight software with excellent functions. Whether there are changes to the airport surface, track, flight route, city, weather and time, or various dynamic displays of air traffic and interactive simulation flight control and creation of emergency, all of these considerations make this software one of the main introductions to primary flight for flight enthusiasts around the world.
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The flight and ground multimedia training classroom of the department is used in combination with the flight simulator and is also equipped with a set of multimedia video system platforms that teachers can use to let students understand the airplane’s vision in the control cabin and the plane’s (including cabin) three-dimensional stereo vision, as well as the dynamics of operating seats in flight simulated cabin under the conditions of a real situation under a projection curtain in a lecture theater. A teacher can even shift the projection of teaching course at any time so that it comprehensively meets the requirements of both instruction and practical operation.
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Solid training is the hero behind each safe flight and also the ultimate goal of air service. The simulator bought by the university can not only provide cabin and simulated flight environments, but also help backcourt personnel (dispatchers, flight controllers, flight managers) to be more familiar with on-board environments. Moreover, the flight service trainings of the front court, such as crew resource management (CRM), cabin safety management and emergency response, are all closely correlated to the fore cabin environment.
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In the future, the flight simulator will coordinate with the department’s relevant issues on the operation of such courses as air transportation, CRM, introduction to flight theory, air dispatch, flight control, flight affairs management, airplane management, flight service management, flight safety management, artificial factors (project), aeronautical meteorology and cabin safety management. Course connections and standard designs will break the past barriers of the impressions of the public towards domestic air service management, aerospace engineering department and the environment of control cabin. To this end, the university improves relevant professional courses such as flight affairs and air service and transport of the department of airline and transport service management and continually cultivates functional courses for air dispatchers, air traffic controllers, air consultants, pilots, flight attendants and ground transport members. In the future, the department will even be able to catch up with the industry, government, university and research to jointly create a market value and achieve the university’s core targets of professionalization, entrepreneurship, and internationalization in the cultivation of students.
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The above mentioned texts and photos, written by Wang, Ying-Chun and Yang and Cheng-Hua, are published in Aerospace Industrial Communications, P42-44 , No. 66, December 2009, Aerospace Industry Development and Promotion Group, the Ministry of Economic Affairs. No copying is allowed without permission.
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